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and sensitizes everybody to their consequences. By means of swift communication, information flows and exchanges, globalization shapes a new environment to operate (Kapitonenko 2009). Globalization implies the existence of a single socio-political space on a global scale, which is shaped by the gradual decline in significance of boundaries due to the increasing exchanges across boundaries through the enhanced in-terconnectedness between societies, otherwise territorially bounded and different (Bar-telson 2009; Acosta and González 2010).
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ICTs have provided new opportunities for governance (for both conventional and e-governance) but on the other side, these have augmented the capacities of civil society by enabling vibrant and extensive public sphere (Dahlgren 2005) and thus support a transformation of polity (Crack 2007; Castells 2008). ICTs facilitate political actions with complete disregard to territory, and foster public spheres and fresh social movements (Min 2010).
Most theories of international relations still assume a nation-state context in which territorially bounded political societies interact in the absence of a centralized authority (Bartelson 2009). In order to make sense of contemporary global developments, the state-centric theories of international relations need to be abandoned in favor of a planetary or global vantage point (Bartelson 2010).
2010. A Thermodynamic Approach for Emergence of Globalization. In Deng, K. G. (ed.), Globalization - Today, Tomorrow. Croatia: Sciyo. URL: source/pdfs/12103/InTech-A_thermodynamic_appiDach_for_the_emergence_of_globalization.pdf.
2010. From the Digital Divide to the Democratic Divide: Internet Skills, Political Interest, and the Second-level Digital Divide in Political Internet Use. Journal of International Technology & Politics 7: 22-35.
Induction heating technique is an innovative asphalt pavement maintenance method that is applied to inductive asphalt concrete mixes in order to prevent the formation of macro-cracks by increasing locally the temperature of asphalt. The development of asphalt mixes with improved electrical and thermal properties is crucial in terms of producing induction healed mixes. This paper studies the induction healing capacity of asphalt mixes without aggregates as the part of asphalt concrete where inductive particles are dispersed notably contributing to the final response of asphalt pavements. Special attention was given to the characterization of inductive asphalt mixes using experimental techniques and numerical methods. The research reported in this paper is divided into two parts. In the first part, the impact of iron powder as filler-sized inductive particle on the rheological performance of asphalt-filler systems was studied. The mechanical response, the induction heating and healing capacity of asphalt mortar by adding iron powder and steel fibers was evaluated as well. In the second part, the utilization of advanced finite-element analyses for the assessment of the induction heating potential of inductive asphalt mortar with steel fibers are presented. The influential factors of induction mechanism in asphalt mixes are also described. The experimental and numerical findings of this research provided an optimization method for the design of induction healed asphalt concrete mixes and the development of necessary equipment that will enable the implementation of induction technology for healing of asphalt concrete mixes.
Asphalt concrete mixes are the most common types of pavement surface materials applied in transportation infrastructure and consist of asphalt binder, aggregate particles and air voids. These mixes are temperature-dependent materials with a self-healing capability because they can restore stiffness and strength [1-5]. Nowadays, it is known that asphalt concrete mixes should be considered as mixes of mortar-coated aggregates rather than binder-coated aggregates in terms of developing asphalt pavements with enhanced durability. In 2014, the European asphalt industry (EU27) produced about 280 million tonnes of asphalt and invested about 80 billion [euro] per year in pavement construction resulting increased energy consumption and C[O.sub.2] emissions during various asphalt production, construction and maintenance processes . The importance of reducing C[O.sub.2] emissions by developing new, last longer asphalt mixes and to enhance road safety by providing high quality road network is crucial for fulfilling the European objective for sustainable development. Within this framework, the necessity of solving construction and rehabilitation issues of pavement structures has led industry to focus on development of alternative novel state-of-the-art techniques. Regarding asphalt pavement maintenance, among others [7,8] healing of asphalt micro-cracks using the induction technique has been approved as a very promising method to prolong the service life of asphalt pavements [9-13].